Under him, the Almoravids soon began to spread their power beyond the desert, and conquered the tribes of the Atlas Mountains. Why do they deserve attention in our study of the spread of Islam in West Africa. All three have begun within a small area of southwest Asia.
Islam is something to be lived and not an entity of simple lip-praise and lip-service. This worked better in some areas Anatolia and less in others e. It is true that Muslims conquered these neighbouring lands and countries BUT does that mean that Islam, the religion, was spread by force.
So Mecca becomes, as it has remained ever since, the holy city of Islam. The late Marshall Hodgson, in his famous book, the Venture of Islam, says: When he completed his seventh hajj, he returned to Africa and stayed.
Islam at The Crossroad. He was killed during these clashes. Holy War What is more, another way in which Islam was introduced and spread in West Africa in general and the Western Sudan in particular was the militant jihad, or the waging of holy war against infidels or lukewarm Muslims.
The Gudala soon had enough and expelled him almost immediately after the death of his protector, Yahaya Ibn Ibrahim, sometime in the s.
Expansion ceased and the central disciplines of Islamic philosophytheologylaw and mysticism became more widespread and the gradual conversions of the populations within the empire occurred.
Othman, chosen as the third caliph, is a son-in-law of Muhammad. They paid a special tax; they were not supposed to wear certain colors; they could not marry Muslim women. Please click this link to download the chapter. Also, they had a tactic of withdrawing into enclaves far from the maddening crowds, so to speak.
Most of the people of Madinah accepted his message; hence he had a larger following in Madinah. They also had a flag carrier as the front who guided the forces behind him, when the flag was upright, the combatants behind would stand and when it was turned down, they would sit.
Lapidus, in his A History of Islamic Societies writes: Unlike Christianity, Islam is not a just a religion or a mass of doctrines or beliefs and rituals, but rather a complete way of life or civilization. Suwareh led his band of talibes towards present day Senegambia. It already has a strong presence in the United Kingdom, France and Germany.
The Great Mosque of Kairouan, founded in AD (The year 50 according to the Islamic calendar) by the Arab general and conqueror Uqba Ibn Nafi, is the oldest mosqnue in western Islamic lands and represents an architectural symbol of the spread of Islam in North Africa, situated in Kairouan, Tunisia.
It is undeniable that the Muslim/Arab Empire spread by military force all over the Middle East; but this did not automatically translate into the spread of Islam as a religion. Ira M. Lapidus, in his A History of Islamic Societies writes: “The question of why people convert to Islam has always generated intense feeling.
A history of Islam in West Africa cannot be complete without a mention, however brief, of the Jakhanke Islamic Movement which arose in the 12th century under the charismatic scholar Alhajj Salim Suwareh who helped to spread Islam in the present day countries of Mali, Guinea, Senegal and The Gambia, the most Islamized countries in West Africa today.
Introduction to the History of the Spread of Islam Hardcover – July, by A. Ezzati (Author) Be the first to review this item. See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. Price New from Used from Hardcover, July, "Please retry" Author: A.
Ezzati. Islam means 'surrender' (to God), and from the same root anyone who follows Islam is a Muslim. It is on Mount Hira, according to tradition, that the archangel Gabriel appears to Muhammad. He describes later how he seemed to be grasped by the throat by a luminous being.
Islam is one of the world's major religions. Its continued success, from the early days up to the present, during the course of 14 centuries, is due to a multitude of Reviews: 1.An introduction to the history of islam spread